LIFE+ Clean Air

Layman‘s Report »Clean air for european cities«

For the air quality directive to finally reach into the cities of the EU member states and the air to actually improve, nine European environmental NGOs joined forces at the “Clean Air” project in 2012. In it public authorities, politicians, industry, the public, NGOs and science are brought together and enabled to implement effective measures improving air quality, through knowledge sharing, good practice transfer as well as information campaigns and joint solution development. To do so, the nine project partners put into practice subprojects. The total of those subprojects should raise the awareness on the problematic nature of bad air quality among decision-makers and present them corresponding methods of resolution.

Layman‘s Report »Clean air for european cities« (English, PDF 7,3 MB)

The clean Air project flyer

NGO´s take action on air quality. All informations about the project, the partners and the actions. PDF (557KB)

Project poster

Short overview of the different actions and measures. PDF (1400 KB)

Partner campaign "Sootfree for the climate"

Brochure about actions for diminution of emissions (german)

The partner campaign sootfree cities presents best practice examples from Germany and other European Cities for reducing soot from traffic. PDF (8,9MB)


Low Emission Zones - Immediate Aid Paper for Municipalities

What can low emission zones do for you, what needs to be done to make them successful and whats coming next? 

All you need to know about low emission zones is in here!

Low Emission Zones - Immediate Aid Paper for Municipalities" PDF (528 KB)

German: Umweltzonen Soforthilfe-Papier PDF (366 KB)

Czech: "Ekologické zóny - Prírucka okamžité pomoci pro ob ce" PDF (635 KB)

Polish: "Strefy ekologiczne - Materialy pomocnicze d la g min" PDF (651 KB)

European Biking Cities

The objective of this VCD sub-project is to increase the proportion of bicycle traffic in cities by creating a network of European cities with pro-bicycle policies that can then exchange their ideas and experiences. The project also aims at communicating the direct link between bicycle-friendly policy and better air quality. PDF (470KB)


"Clean Air in Ports"

Air pollution from container ships
Background paper on Air pollution from container ships PDF (940 KB)

"Working Paper: Clean Air in Ports"
The results of the workshop will be integrated into the working paper, which is updated constantly throughout the duration of NABU EU LIFE+ project “Clean Air in Ports” until midst 2015 and can be downloaded here. Download Working Paper PDF (373 KB)


The Clean Air Handbook
Clean air is essential to good health and a basic human need. EU law has recognised this need and given legal protection to it through directives and court judgements. This practical guide to EU air quality law is designed to help non-lawyers exercise their right for clean air. References to specific cases and legislative provisions are included, so its also useful to lawyers and experts.

The Clean Air Handbook - A practical guide to EU air quality law PDF (1,0 MB)

Soot in Germany: Background information for decision markers.
Part 1: impact and legislative regulations 

The paper is written in German and introduces the most important sources of soot and explains in detail how soot impacts on human health and on the global climate. In addition it lists up legal regulations according emission and immission control of soot in Germany as well as an overview of measurements and sustainable future strategies.

Soot in Germany (German) PDF (1.567 KB)

Information on Clean Air

Informations about air pollutants and their consequences. The difference between particulate matter and soot is explained and suggestions on what you can do are presented PDF (774 KB)
Danish PDF (1966 KB)
Slovakian PDF (1536 KB)
Hungarian PDF (1992KB)


Backgroundpaper Sootfree Inland Navigation (English and German)

A selection of positive examples for soot free inland navigation. PDF (583 KB)

Best-Practice Guidelines for municipalities
Within the Clean Air Campaign, we recognize a number of measures that address different emitting sources that are important for urban air quality. We have selected a number of those sources and have assembled this collection of guidelines describing best-practice measures on how to reduce air pollution from those sources.

Low Emission Zones

Setting Limits for vehicles entering the inner city, thereby banning high emitting vehicles.

English PDF (886 KB)

Slovak PDF (900 KB)

Hungarian PDF (900 KB)

Czech PDF (1MB)

Italian PDF (900 KB)

French PDF (900 KB)

Spanish PDF (858 KB)

Parking Management
Using parking fees to attribute costs to entering a city, thereby controlling car inflow and promoting other cost-friendly alternatives.

English PDF (420 KB)

Slovak PDF (468 KB)

Hungarian PDF (466 KB)

Czech PDF (545 KB)

Italian PDF (407 KB)

French PDF (465 KB)

Spanish PDF (410 KB)

Congestion Charge
Congestion Charging Zones set prices for entering a certain zone, usually the inner city. Thereby they decrease congestion and thus also air pollution.

English PDF (457 KB)

Italian PDF (415 KB)

Cargo Bikes
Using car bikes for many transport duties in inner cities is a good way to eliminate emission sources and to save money.

English PDF (578 KB)

French PDF (646KB)

Spanish PDF (566 KB)

Construction Machinery
Construction machines are sources of fine particles and need to be retrofitted with filters.

English PDF (457 KB)

Italian PDF (521 KB)

French PDF (526 KB)

Spanish PDF (471 KB)

Passenger ships
In some cities, ships are used as local transportation means. These ships operate mostly with diesel engines and without filters. They need to be retrofitted as well.

English PDF (534 KB)

Public transport
Cities with public transport are less dependent on cars. Promotion of public transport is thus important for air quality.

English PDF (458KB)

Bus retrofit
Buses need to be retrofitted with filters in order to prevent them from having a very negative effect on air quality.

English PDF (493 KB)

Slovak PDF (486 KB)

Hungarian PDF (485 KB)

Czech PDF (484 KB)

High Emitters
There are initiatives to ban high emitters from local emission hot spots. These bans are covered here.

English PDF (365 KB)

Promotion of Less Car use

Cities have for a long time promoted the use of alternatives to cars such as cycling, walking and public transport.

English PDF (614 KB)

Slovak PDF (665 KB)

Hungarian PDF (677 KB)

Czech PDF (591 KB)



The VCÖ organised expert discussions. The results are presented in different factsheets:

Factsheet: Managing traffic and transport in urban areas PDF (642KB)

Facsheet: Health damage caused by fine particulate matter PDF (628KB)


Ecodriving and principles of energy-efficient driving
Guidelines for drivers PDF (363 KB)
Slovakian (378 KB)

Ecodriving checklist PDF (481 KB)
Slovakian PDF (497 KB)

Ecodriving technical report PDF (1546 KB)

The project description of CEPTA's sub-project (Slovakian)
PDF (484KB)

The Danish Ecocouncil

Brochure: Clean Air in Copenhagen

The brochure provides background information on air pollution and presents measures for clean air in Copenhagen PDF (4,3MB)

Poster "Clean Air Copenhagen"

Poster about sources for PM10, PM2.5, NO2 and ultrafine exhaust particles (PM0.1) in Copenhagen, actions taken in Copenhagen to reduce the pollution and effects of actions. PDF (4974 KB)

Clean Air Action Group

Position Paper CAAG
"The Hungarian Government against stricter air quality legislation" PDF(81 KB)

Urban Logistics - Best Practices -examples in Europe PDF (1981 KB)

Transport & Environment

Tackling emissions from diesel machines PDF (290 KB)

European Environmental Bureau (EEB)


Air & Agriculture PDF (2,1 MB)

Air & Climate PDF (2,2 MB)

Air & Cultural Heritage PDF (831 KB)

Air & Demestic Heating PDF (898 KB)

Air & Economy PDF (1,5 MB)

Air & Ecosystems PDF (1,3 MB)

Air & Health PDF (2,9 MB)
Air & Industry PDF (619 KB)

Air & Non-Roadmachines PDF (1 MB)

Air & Road vehicles PDF (698 KB)

Air & Shipping PDF (610 KB)

Air & Solvents PDF (1 MB)

References for the factsheets PDF (1 MB)

Common priorities

NGO priorities for the review of the Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution

60 environmental, health and citizens’ NGOs from across the EU submit their input to the European Commission’s consultation on the review of the Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution. The paper enunciates three priorities for legislative action in 2013. PDF (750KB)

Informations about LIFE+

Overview about all LIFE programmes within the EU from 2011

The LIFE programme is the EU’s funding instrument for the environment. The general objective of LIFE is to contribute to the implementation, updating and development of EU environmental policy and legislation by co-financing pilot or demonstration projects with European added value. 
PDF (4,6MB)

Air Quality Directive 2008/50/EC

In the year 2008 the European Commission combined five previously existing acts on air pollution policies into the European Air Quality Directive 2008/50/EC (AQD). The AQD is an attempt to improve the efficiency of individual laws and to achieve more clarity and simplification of the regulations and legal requirements. The overall goal is to improve the implementation of air quality policies by EU member states. 

PDF (489KB)