Bolzano: Different forms of bike racks

As a very dense city, Bolzano faces great challenges in finding sufficient space for bike parking facilities. On squares in the historic city centre in particular, public spaces are frequently needed for popular cultural festivals or for events such as the Christmas market. This has led to the use of moveable bike racks as a flexible solution to bike parking. The bike racks can easily be moved when the space is needed for events and can be installed elsewhere as temporary parking space for the event’s visitors. The city has also developed a neatly designed, space efficient single iron curve that reflects the historical cityscape. With Bolzano’s cycling logo included as a design element, it even works as a marketing instrument.

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Brighton & Hove: E-bike hangar

E-bikes offer great potential to increase cycling levels, especially in a hilly city like Brighton & Hove. Due to their higher price and more sensitive technology, they also require more secure parking facilities. The first on-street bike hangar in Brighton & Hove was installed to support the University of Brighton-let research project smart e-bikes. It was officially handed over to a residents‘ association in September 2014. The road space is provided by the city council based on a specific traffic regulation order. The hangar is the size of a car and positively demonstrates a potential solution for bicycles that cannot be accommodated in apartment buildings. The hangar holds six bicycles and residents pay a nominal annual fee of £50 to the Ditchling Rise Area Residents‘ Association, which manages and maintains the hangar.

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Mannheim: House owners pay for bike racks on public space

Where existing buildings do not offer enough space to meet the growing demand for safe bike parking facilities, Mannheim offers owners of residential and commercial buildings to build bike parking facilities in public spaces. The owners pay for the bike racks and their installation but the city plans and installs them. The racks are available to the general public.

Since March 2015, an innovative building by-law has been in place for new buildings in the German state of Baden-Württemberg that Mannheim belongs to. In residential buildings, two weatherproof and easily accessible bike parking places per household are now compulsory throughout the whole state. Whereas one car parking place is required per household, in apartment buildings, up to 25% of the required car parking places can be replaced by four additional places for bikes per car parking place. The by-law also provides municipalities the opportunity to require less than one car parking space per household.

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Potsdam: Guidelines for real estate industry

With most bike journeys starting or ending at home, the real estate industry has a very important role to play in bike parking. In a pilot project funded by the German Federal Ministry for Transport, the city of Potsdam worked with the major local housing corporation to develop guidelines for bike parking facilities in new and existing residential buildings. Based on expert workshops, the experiences of the ProPotsdam housing corporation and national as well as international best practice examples, guidelines were published in November 2014. A brochure and an innovative online calculator provide the German real estate industry with knowledge and tools for realistic needs assessments and ways of choosing and implementing the most suitable parking solutions.

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Strasbourg: Bike parking in car parking building

The number of bike racks on public street space has doubled in Strasbourg between 2009 and 2014 to 14,000 racks for 28,000 bikes. Space for additional bike racks in the streets of the city centre is becoming scarce. This makes underground facilities and car parking buildings an increasingly important option. In the municipality´s seven floor Austerlitz car parking building a separate bike parking room opened in February 2014. Unlike the building´s already existing 80 bike parking places the new bike parking room with 100 places has its own access from the street, space efficient two level parking installations, video surveillance and a light and comfortable atmosphere. The room is open daily from 4.30 to 24.00. Bike parking is for free and allowed for up to two consecutive months.

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Vitoria-Gasteiz: Compulsory parking rooms in new residential buildings

In 2000 Vitoria-Gasteiz was the first city in Spain to make the provision of indoor bike parking rooms compulsory in new apartment buildings. The city´s Urban Master Plan requires an indoor parking room with a minimum size of 10 m². In buildings with more than ten apartments the size must increase by 1 m² for every four additional apartments. This measure has facilitated cycling in new neighborhoods of the city. Today many of the current indoor parking rooms are already too small and the regulation is currently under review.

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  • Urban Master Plan with regulation on indoor bike parking rooms (-> 14. Guardería de bicicletas y coches de niño)