Bolzano: Access regulations with privileges for delivery bikes I

Regulations for motorised traffic in Bolzano’s medieval old town are very strict. Deliveries with motorised vehicles are only allowed between 6:00 and 10:00. But until recently, regulations were not effectively enforced and were often neglected. In July 2014, an automatic control system with cameras at all twelve entry points to the old town was introduced. Now every violation of the entry regulations is automatically fined and costs 80 Euros. As a result some companies started to use cargo bikes to deliver after 10.00 because bikes are allowed in most parts of the old town without time restriction. To further encourage the use of cargo bikes, the city in October 2014 introduced special privileges for cyclists delivering goods. In two key streets of the old town deliveries by bike are now exempted from a 10.00-20.00 ban on cycling and from one-way restrictions.

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Brighton & Hove: Supporting cargo bike based courier companies

There are currently two local cargo bike courier companies operating in Brighton & Hove; the city council has a supportive relationship with both companies. In 2005, the council contracted the company The Bike’s the Business to reduce the number of motor vehicles used in the councils’ in-house postal and courier service by one seventh. This has not only saved emissions and money on vehicles and fuel, but improved the overall speed of deliveries. The more recent start-up ReCharge Cargo is making deliveries by e-cargo bikes in Brighton & Hove, and is also a subcontractor for DHL. In early 2015, the city council actively supported the company’s application for EU funding as part of the frontierCities project. Funding would enable the company to develop IT solutions for more effective e-cargo bike delivery logistics within the city.

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Mannheim: Dialogue with parcel delivery companies

The city of Mannheim and the German Courier and Express Association, Bundesverband Paket & Expresslogistik (BIEK), started a dialogue in 2014 about whether cargo bikes could replace delivery vans in the inner city. A key precondition is a micro depot close to the city centre that could be supplied by heavy goods vehicles and serve as a reloading and parking station for cargo bikes before they complete the last mile of the delivery. Potential spaces for such a micro depot have been visited by the city and the companies involved. Both sides are committed to finding a feasible solution in order to frame possibilities for a pilot project. Meanwhile, in February 2015, BIEK presented a study recommending the combination of micro depots and cargo bikes as a good model for sustainable urban logistics.

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Potsdam: Pilot project of courier companies

The national pilot project Ich ersetze ein Auto (I substitute a car), funded by the Federal Ministry of the Environment, successfully deployed 40 e-cargo bikes in the daily routines of courier companies in eight German cities. While the city of Potsdam was not involved in the project, one of the e-cargo bikes was also tested in Potsdam by the courier company messenger. The bike was used for 6,300 deliveries in Potsdam and covered 29,000 km during the 21-month-long observation period from 2012 to 2014. The pilot project achieved high public visibility in Germany and was an important step in establishing e-cargo bikes for courier logistics.

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Cargo bikes have been added to the vehicle fleet of the Strasbourg Eurométropole to better reach destinations, to save costs and for marketing purposes. Among the municipality´s institutions using cargo bikes are the street cleaning service, the public libraries and the road safety department. Since April 2015, the Eurométropole provides a test pool of four e-cargo bikes for local associations. This is a joint project between the local energy company and the National Institute of Applied Science of Strasbourg, which has developed electric assists for cargo bikes and is now testing them in practice.

Vitoria-Gasteiz: Access regulations with privileges for delivery bikes II

A new by-law in place since January 2014 has reduced the times during which motorized vehicles may make deliveries to the pedestrianised city centre by one hour: all deliveries now have to be made by 11:00. New loading and unloading zones with longer opening hours until 14:00 and partly also from 16:00 to 20:00 have been created at the edges of pedestrian areas. To better reach final destinations inside the pedestrian areas some companies have started to use cargo bikes because bicycles are allowed inside most parts of the city centre also in the afternoon. In addition, the new by-law allows the mayor to grant special permits exempting delivery bikes from time restrictions that apply for cyclists in major shopping streets in the city centre.

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